The world with viruses: The coronavirus crisis is increasing the risk of political instability
“I believe that there are many leaders around the world who are currently at risk of putting a foot wrong,” says Tore Wig. As a political scientist he has been conducting research on the reasons for the collapse of regimes.
The world with viruses: "The corona crisis shows that rapid change is possible"
"We may find that systems that seem natural are really just unnecessary constructs," says Karen O'Brien, professor of human geography, who has researched what it takes for people to make changes in their lives.
The world with viruses: Economics professor suggests temporary basic income for all citizens
“Once the pandemic has passed, we are likely to be facing a discussion about our approach to the international markets, and if our income should be linked so closely to the businesses we work for”, says economics professor Kalle Moene.
The world with viruses: Reminding us how little control we have
"The coronavirus is a window, enabling us to see alternative ways of organising society", says Thomas Hylland Eriksen. The Professor in Social Anthropology has been conducting research on crises in an overheated world.
Bird species disappear much faster than previously thought, but conservation helps
During five previous global mass extinctions, between 50 and 90 percent of the world's species disappeared. Researchers now fear that we are starting a new mass extinction, because bird species are disappearing five times faster than previously assumed and 1000 times faster than in a natural state.
Vikings in Greenland traded exclusive walrus tusks to all of Europe – until there were no walrus left
Archaeological fragments of walrus skulls provide evidence of a widespread trade in ivory tusks across Europe during the Middle Ages. British and Norwegian researchers have now uncovered novel details about the impact of this intense trade: It may have driven the serial depletion of walruses in the High Arctic and led to the collapse of Norse Greenland.
The fish helping scientists to understand the human brain
Scientists use a range of model organisms to understand human biology, from basic single-celled yeast to more complex animals such as flies and mice. Dr Camila Esguerra at the University of Oslo is a major advocate for an alternative model: the zebrafish.
Data ownership is a recipe for better living in the city
Today, both public enterprises and private companies in the major cities collect large quantities of data about the citizens living in those cities. Most people derive little benefit from this. However, if the citizens own and control their own data, life in the city can be much better.
Indian authorities may have exaggerated claims of rising tiger numbers
The Indian government has claimed that the national tiger population more than doubled since 2006. Independent scientists however, claim it is almost impossible for the tiger population to grow with such speed in such an inexplicable manner. Following this criticism, Indian authorities now admit to flaws in their tiger counts.
The International Labour Organization is 100 years. Use it to create a new global social policy, says researcher.
In a globalized world, many governments have prioritized the economy over social issues. We should look to ILO and create a global social policy for the 21st century, says researcher Daniel Maul.
Astronomers observe a sunburst from the early universe – in 12 copies
With the powerful eyes of the Hubble Space Telescope, an international team of astronomers led by Håkon Dahle at UiO observed straight into the bright and hot heart of a galaxy 11 billion years old in no less than 12 multiple, gravitationally lensed images. The finding casts light onto a crucial era in our universe’s history: the epoch of reionization.
Slow loris study reveals: The human rhythm of sleep can be much older than expected
People typically sleep seven to eight hours in one stretch and stay awake for the rest of the day. Evolutionary scientists have assumed that this rhythm of sleep arose when our early ancestors went from being nocturnal to diurnal, but a new study of the Javan slow loris indicates that the human way of sleeping is much older.
A producer treaty should complement the Paris Agreement
In their article "The case for a supply-side climate treaty", recently published in the prestigious journal Science, nine Norwegian economists argue that a new climate treaty between producers of oil, coal and gas can help curb global warming. According to the researchers, such a supply-side treaty, supplementing the Paris Agreement, would increase the chances of reaching the Paris Agreement’s goal of keeping global warming well below two degrees.
Norwegian researchers find new treatment for prostate cancer
A new treatment that strongly inhibits the development of prostate cancer has been found by an international research group led by the University of Oslo. The treatment can also enhance the effect of medicines already used against prostate cancer in the clinic today.
Brexit: Researchers doubt a Norwegian-style EEA solution would work for the UK
For the Norway model, with some kind of EEA-type solution to work for Britain, British politicians must be able to look beyond the traditional political divides, according to researchers.