Keeping Arctic villages and infrastructure from falling into the sea
The Arctic is set to be a 21st century boomtown, as summer sea ice melts away, opening the area to increased trans-Arctic shipping and oil and gas development. A new understanding of Arctic coastal erosion offers clues to how to best protect the docks and other infrastructure this development will bring.
The spread of toxic mercury contamination is affecting the Arctic
The transport of environmental contaminants to the Arctic via water and air is a threat to nature. In the Arctic, methylmercury moves more effectively through the food chain than in more southerly waters.
The Arctic is getting wetter
In the last few winters, the airport in Longyearbyen in Svalbard was often closed because of rain. One of the major issues climate researchers deal with is how precipitation changes as the temperatures are rising all over the Arctic.
Northern nature under stress
High northern latitudes are increasingly exposed to the combination of extreme winter climate and deposition of long-distance dispersed nitrogen pollution. These combined pressures may over time drive changes in plant composition and carbon uptake.
Marine technology for extreme conditions
Tomorrow’s maritime technology must be able to handle extreme conditions during Arctic and deep-water operations. A new research centre designed to develop these technologies holds promise for Norwegian industry.
Extreme weather in the Arctic causes problems for people and wildlife
The last week of January 2012 brought wild weather to the Norwegian arctic island archipelago of Svalbard and its largest town, Longyearbyen. A new cross-disciplinary study provides a comprehensive look at the effects of this extreme weather event on everything from town infrastructure to the natural environment.