Browse ORBi

- What it is and what it isn't
- Green Road / Gold Road?
- Ready to Publish. Now What?
- How can I support the OA movement?
- Where can I learn more?

ORBi

Buffer XDEM Mainassara Chekaraou, Abdoul Wahid ; Besseron, Xavier ; Rousset, Alban et al Scientific Conference (in press) Detailed reference viewed: 198 (72 UL)Process analysis in thermal process engineering with high-performance computing using the example of grate firing Peters, Bernhard ; Rousset, Alban ; Besseron, Xavier et al in 12th European Conference on Industrial Furnaces and Boilers (in press) Biomass as a renewable energy source continues to grow in popularity to reduce fossil fuel consumption for environmental and economic benefits. In the present contribution, the combustion chamber of a 16 ... [more ▼] Biomass as a renewable energy source continues to grow in popularity to reduce fossil fuel consumption for environmental and economic benefits. In the present contribution, the combustion chamber of a 16 MW geothermal steam super-heater, which is part of the Enel Green Power "Cornia 2" power plant, is being investigated with high-performance computing methods. For this purpose, the extended discrete element method (XDEM) developed at the University of Luxembourg is used in a high-performance computing environment, which includes both the moving wooden bed and the combustion chamber above it. The XDEM simulation platform is based on a hybrid four-way coupling between the Discrete Element Method (DEM) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). In this approach, particles are treated as discrete elements that are coupled by heat, mass, and momentum transfer to the surrounding gas as a continuous phase. For individual wood particles, besides the equations of motion, the differential conservation equations for mass, heat, and momentum are solved, which describe the thermodynamic state during thermal conversion. The consistency of the numerical results with the actual system performance is discussed in this paper to determine the potentials and limitations of the approach. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 175 (36 UL)A Discrete Element Framework for Modeling the Mechanical Behaviour of Snow PART I: Mechanical Behaviour and Numerical Model Kabore, Brice Wendlassida ; Peters, Bernhard ; et al in Granular Matter (2021), 23(2), 42 A framework for investigating the mechanics of snow is proposed based on an advanced micro-scale approach. Varying strain rates, densities and temperatures are taken into account. Natural hazards i.e ... [more ▼] A framework for investigating the mechanics of snow is proposed based on an advanced micro-scale approach. Varying strain rates, densities and temperatures are taken into account. Natural hazards i.e. snow avalanches are triggered by snow deforming at low rates, while a large group of industrial applications concerning driving safety or winter sport activities require an understanding of snow behaviour under high deformation rates. On the micro-scale, snow is considered to consist of ice grains joined by ice bonds to build a porous structure. Deformation and failure of bonds and the inter-granular collisions of ice grains determine the macroscopic response under mechanical load. Therefore, this study proposes an inter-granular bond and collision model for snow based on the discrete element method (DEM) to describe interaction on a grain-scale. It aims at predicting the mechanical behaviour of ice particles under different strain rates using a unified approach. Thus, the proposed algorithm predicts the displacement of each individual grains due to inter-granular forces and torques that derive from bond deformation and grain collision. For this purpose, the inter-granular characteristics are approximated by an elastic viscous-plastic material law which is based on the temperature-dependent properties of poly-crystalline ice Ih. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 91 (15 UL)A Discrete Element Framework for Modeling the Mechanical Behaviour of Snow PART II: Model Validation Peters, Bernhard ; Kabore, Brice Wendlassida ; et al in Granular Matter (2021), 23(2), 43 A micro-scale modelling approach of snow based on the extension of the classical discrete element method (DEM) has been presented in the first part of this study. This modelling approach is employed to ... [more ▼] A micro-scale modelling approach of snow based on the extension of the classical discrete element method (DEM) has been presented in the first part of this study. This modelling approach is employed to predict the mechanical response of snow under compression dependent on strain rate, initial density and temperature. Results obtained under a variety of conditions are validated with experimental data for both micro- and macro-scale, in particular the broad range between ductile i.e.~low deformation rates and brittle i.e.~high deformation rates regimes are investigated. For this purpose snow is assumed to be composed of ice grains that are inter-connected by a network of bonds between neighbouring grains. This arrangement represents the micro-scale of which the interaction is described by inter-granular collision and bonding. Hence, the response on a macro-scale is largely determined by inter-granular collisions and deformation and failure of bonds during a loading cycle. Consequently, validation was first carried out on micro-scale deformations at different loading rates and temperatures. Hereafter, macro-scale simulations of confined and unconfined, deformation-controlled compression tests have been predicted and were successfully compared to experimental data reported in literature. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 63 (12 UL)OpenMP optimisation of the eXtended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) ; ; Rousset, Alban et al Report (2021) The eXtended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) is an extension of the regular Discrete Element Method (DEM) which is a software for simulating the dynamics of granular material. XDEM extends the regular DEM ... [more ▼] The eXtended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) is an extension of the regular Discrete Element Method (DEM) which is a software for simulating the dynamics of granular material. XDEM extends the regular DEM method by adding features where both micro and macroscopic observables can be computed simultaneously by coupling different time and length scales. In this sense XDEM belongs the category of multi-scale/multi-physics applications which can be used in realistic simulations. In this whitepaper, we detail the different optimisations done during the preparatory PRACE project to overcome known bottlenecks in the OpenMP implementation of XDEM. We analysed the Conversion, Dynamic, and the combined Dynamics-Conversion modules with Extrae/Paraver and Intel VTune profiling tools in order to find the most expensive functions. The proposed code modifications improved the performance of XDEM by ~17% for the computational expensive Dynamics-Conversion combined modules (with 48 cores, full node). Our analysis was performed in the Marenostrum 4 (MN4) PRACE infrastructure at Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC). [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 104 (7 UL)Eulerian-Lagrangian momentum coupling between XDEM and OpenFOAM using preCICE Besseron, Xavier ; Rousset, Alban ; et al in 14th WCCM & ECCOMAS Congress 2020 (2021, January) Eulerian-Lagrangian couplings consider problems with a discrete phase as a particulate material that is in contact with a fluid phase. These applications are as diverse as engineering, additive ... [more ▼] Eulerian-Lagrangian couplings consider problems with a discrete phase as a particulate material that is in contact with a fluid phase. These applications are as diverse as engineering, additive manufacturing, biomass conversion, thermal processing or pharmaceutical industry, among many others. A typical approach for this type of simulations is the coupling between Computation Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Discrete Element Method (DEM), which is challenging in many ways. Such CFD--DEM couplings are usually implemented using an ad-hoc coupling layer, specific to the both DEM and CFD software, which considerably reduces the flexibility and applicability of the proposed implementation. In this work, we present the coupling of eXtended Discrete Element Method (XDEM), with the CFD library OpenFOAM, using the preCICE coupling library~\cite{preCICE} on volumetric meshes. Such momentum coupling requires the CFD side to account for the change of porosity due to the particulate phase and the particle momentum, while the particles of the DEM will be affected by the buoyancy and drag force of the fluid. While preCICE significantly simplifies the coupling between standalone libraries, each solver and, its respective adapter, have to be made aware of the new data involved in the physic model. For that, a new adapter has been implemented for XDEM and the existing adapter for OpenFOAM has been extended to include the additional data field exchange required for the momentum coupling, e.g porosity, particle momentum, fluid velocity and density. Our solution is tested and validated using simple benchmarks and advanced testcases such as a dam break, and shows consistent results. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 65 (2 UL)HPC Multi-physics Biomass Furnace simulations as a Service Besseron, Xavier ; ; Peters, Bernhard et al Scientific Conference (2020, November) Detailed reference viewed: 82 (4 UL)ROS networks: designs, aging, Parkinson's disease and precision therapies. Kolodkin, Alexey ; ; et al in NPJ Systems Biology and Applications (2020) Detailed reference viewed: 47 (3 UL)Lowering the obstacles for SMEs to adopt multi-physics biomass furnace simulations by providing a cloud based solution ; Peters, Bernhard ; Besseron, Xavier et al Scientific Conference (2020, October 14) Detailed reference viewed: 70 (1 UL)Accelerating fatigue simulations of a phase-field damage model for rubber Loew, Pascal Juergen ; ; Peters, Bernhard et al in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering (2020), 370(113247), Phase-field damage models are able to describe crack nucleation as well as crack propagation and coalescence without additional technicalities, because cracks are treated in a continuous, spatially finite ... [more ▼] Phase-field damage models are able to describe crack nucleation as well as crack propagation and coalescence without additional technicalities, because cracks are treated in a continuous, spatially finite manner. Previously, we have developed a phase-field model to capture the rate-dependent failure of rubber, and we have further enhanced it to describe failure due to cyclic loading. Although the model accurately describes fatigue failure, the associated cyclic simulations are slow. Therefore, this contribution presents an acceleration scheme for cyclic simulations of our previously introduced phase-field damage model so that the simulation speed is increased to facilitate large-scale simulations of industrially relevant problems. We formulate an explicit and an implicit cycle jump method, which, depending on the selected jump size, reduce the calculation time up to 99.5%. To circumvent the manual tuning of the jump size, we also present an adaptive jump size selection procedure. Thanks to the implicit adaptive scheme, all material parameters are identified from experiments, which include fatigue crack nucleation and crack growth. Finally, the model and its parameters are validated with additional measurements of the fatigue crack growth rate. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 108 (0 UL)Numerical Analysis of Interaction between a Reacting Fluid and a Moving Bed with Spatially and Temporally Fluctuating Porosity Rousset, Alban ; Mainassara Chekaraou, Abdoul Wahid ; Besseron, Xavier et al Scientific Conference (2020, August 31) The purpose of this study is to propose a numerical approach that combines low computational costs through the use of high computing efficiency, allowing the realistic use of the design with a sufficient ... [more ▼] The purpose of this study is to propose a numerical approach that combines low computational costs through the use of high computing efficiency, allowing the realistic use of the design with a sufficient result's accuracy for industrial applications to investigate biomass combustion in a large-scale reciprocating grate. In the present contribution, a Biomass combustion chamber of a 16 MW geothermal steam super-heater, which is part of the Enel Green Power "Cornia 2" power plant,is being investigated with high-performance computing methods. For this purpose, the extended discrete element method (XDEM) developed at the University of Luxembourg is used in an HPC environment, which includes both the moving wooden bed and the combustion chamber above it. The XDEM simulation platform is based on a hybrid four-way coupling between the Discrete Element Method (DEM) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). In this approach, particles are treated as discrete elements that are coupled by heat, mass, and momentum transfer to the surrounding gas as a continuous phase. For individual wood particles, besides the equations of motion, the differential conservation equations for mass, heat, and momentum are solved, which describe the thermodynamic state during thermal conversion. The grate system has three different moving sections to ensure good mixing of the biomass parts and appropriate residence time. The primary air enters from below the grate and is split into four different zones. Furthermore, a secondary air is injected at high velocity straight over the fuel bed through nozzles. A Flue Gas Recirculation is present and partly injected through two jets along the vertical channel and partly from below the grate. The numerical 3D model presented is based on a multi-phase approach. The biomass particles are taken into consideration via the XDEM Method, while the gaseous phase is described by CFD with OpenFOAM. Thus, the combustion of the particles on the moving beds in the furnace is processed by XDEM through conduction, radiation and conversion along with the interaction with the surrounding gas phase accounted for by CFD. The coupling of CFD-XDEM as an Euler-Lagrange model is used. The fluid phase is a continuous phase handled with an Eulerian approach and each particle is tracked with a Lagrangian approach. Energy, mass and momentum conservation is applied for every single particle and the interaction of particles with each other in the bed and with the surrounding gas phase are taken into account. An individual particle can have a solid, liquid, gas or inert material phases (immobile species) at the same time. The different phases can undergo a series of conversion through various reactions that can be homogeneous, heterogeneous or intrinsic (drying, pyrolysis, gasification and oxidation). Our first results are consistent with actual data obtained from the sampling of the residual solid in the industrial plant. Our model is also able to predict gas flux behaviour inside the furnace, particularly the flue gas recirculation on the combustion process injection. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 95 (20 UL)Parallel coupling strategy for multi-physics applications in eXtended Discrete Element Method Besseron, Xavier ; Rousset, Alban ; Mainassara Chekaraou, Abdoul Wahid et al Scientific Conference (2020, June 18) Multi-physics problems containing discrete particles interacting with fluid phases are widely used industry for example in biomass combustion on a moving grate, particle sedimentation, iron production ... [more ▼] Multi-physics problems containing discrete particles interacting with fluid phases are widely used industry for example in biomass combustion on a moving grate, particle sedimentation, iron production within a blast furnace, and selective laser melting for additive manufacturing. The eXtended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) uses a coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian approach to simulate these complex phenomena, and relies on the Discrete Element Method (DEM) to model the particle phase and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) for the fluid phases, solved respectively with XDEM and OpenFOAM. However, such simulations are very computationally intensive. Additionally, because the DEM particles move within the CFD phases, a 3D volume coupling is required, hence it represents an important amount of data to be exchanged. This volume of communication can have a considerable impact on the performance of the parallel execution. To address this issue, XDEM has proposed a coupling strategy relying on a co-located partitioning. This approach coordinates the domain decomposition of the two independent solvers, XDEM and OpenFOAM, to impose some co-location constraints and reduce the overhead due to the coupling data exchange. This strategy for the parallel coupling of CFD-DEM has been evaluated to perform large scale simulations of debris within a dam break flow. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 107 (8 UL)Predicting near-optimal skin distance in Verlet buffer approach for Discrete Element Method Mainassara Chekaraou, Abdoul Wahid ; Besseron, Xavier ; Rousset, Alban et al in 10th IEEE Workshop on Parallel / Distributed Combinatorics and Optimization (2020, June) The Verlet list method is a well-known bookkeeping technique of the interaction list used both in Molecular Dynamic (MD) and Discrete Element Method (DEM). The Verlet buffer technique is an enhancement of ... [more ▼] The Verlet list method is a well-known bookkeeping technique of the interaction list used both in Molecular Dynamic (MD) and Discrete Element Method (DEM). The Verlet buffer technique is an enhancement of the Verlet list that consists of extending the interaction radius of each particle by an extra margin to take into account more particles in the interaction list. The extra margin is based on the local flow regime of each particle to account for the different flow regimes that can coexist in the domain. However, the choice of the near-optimal extra margin (which ensures the best performance) for each particle and the related parameters remains unexplored in DEM unlike in MD. In this study, we demonstrate that the near-optimal extra margin can fairly be characterized by four parameters that describe each particle local flow regime: the particle velocity, the ratio of the containing cell size to particle size, the containing cell solid fraction, and the total number of particles in the system. For this purpose, we model the near-optimal extra margin as a function of these parameters using a quadratic polynomial function. We use the DAKOTA SOFTWARE to carry out the Design and Analysis of Computer Experiments (DACE) and the sampling of the parameters for the simulations. For a given instance of the set of parameters, a global optimization method is considered to find the near-optimal extra margin. The latter is required for the construction of the quadratic polynomial model. The numerous simulations generated by the sampling of the parameter were performed on a High-Performance Computing (HPC) environment granting parallel and concurrent executions. This work provides a better understanding of the Verlet buffer method in DEM simulations by analyzing its performances and behavior in various configurations. The near-optimal extra margin can reasonably be predicted by two out of the four chosen parameters using the quadratic polynomial model. This model has been integrated into XDEM in order to automatically choose the extra margin without any input from the user. Evaluations on real industrial-level test cases show up to a 26% reduction of the execution time. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 71 (5 UL)Detailed Numerical Three-dimensional and Transient Analysis of a Grate Firing Combustion Process by Innovative High Performance Computing Mainassara Chekaraou, Abdoul Wahid ; Rousset, Alban ; Besseron, Xavier et al in 28th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition (EUBCE) (2020, April 27) Detailed reference viewed: 96 (12 UL)6-way coupling of DEM+CFD+FEM with preCICE Besseron, Xavier ; Rousset, Alban ; et al Presentation (2020, February) In this work, we present our preliminary results on the 6-way coupling of 3 numerical solvers: XDEM for the Discrete Element Method (DEM), OpenFOAM for Computation Fluid Dynamics (CFD), and deal.II for ... [more ▼] In this work, we present our preliminary results on the 6-way coupling of 3 numerical solvers: XDEM for the Discrete Element Method (DEM), OpenFOAM for Computation Fluid Dynamics (CFD), and deal.II for Finite Element Method (FEM). We relied on the existing preCICE adapters for OpenFOAM and deal.II and we have implemented a new preCICE adapter for the eXtended Discrete Element Method (XDEM), an innovative DEM software developed at the University of Luxembourg. The XDEM adapter permits coupling of the particulate phase of DEM with CFD and FEM: - DEM+FEM is a surface coupling that performs the exchange of surface forces and displacement between the particles and a deformable solid; - DEM+CFD is a volume coupling that performs the exchange of porosity, momentum, drag force and buoyancy between the particles and the fluid. Put together with the pre-existing CFD+FEM coupling, we obtain a 6-way coupled multi-physics solver for particles, fluid and deformable solids. We have tested and evaluated our multi-physics solver on the tutorial case “Cylinder with a flap” derived from the benchmarking case of Turek and Hron, that we extended to include a particulate phase solved by XDEM. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 333 (19 UL)DEM simulation of dense granular flows in a vane shear cell: Kinematics and rheological laws Qi, Fenglei ; ; et al in Powder Technology (2020) The rheology of dense granular flows is investigated through discrete element method (DEM) simulation of a vane shear cell. From the simulation, profiles of shear stress, shear rate, and velocity are ... [more ▼] The rheology of dense granular flows is investigated through discrete element method (DEM) simulation of a vane shear cell. From the simulation, profiles of shear stress, shear rate, and velocity are obtained, which demonstrates that the flow features in the vane shear cell are equivalent to those in the classic annular Couette cell. A novel correlation for the shear viscosity is formulated and leads to a new expression for μKT in the kinetic theory analysis. The μKT formulation is able to qualitatively capture the μ-I relation in the shear cell. A correlation length is added in the energy dissipation term to account for the effects of the particle motion correlation. A simplified correlation length model is derived based on DEM results and is compared with the literature. The modified granular kinetic energy equation is able to correctly predict the granular temperature profiles in the shear cell. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 72 (3 UL)Fatigue phase-field damage modeling of rubber using viscous dissipation: Crack nucleation and propagation Loew, Pascal Juergen ; Peters, Bernhard ; Beex, Lars in Mechanics of Materials (2020), 142 By regularizing sharp cracks within a pure continuum setting, phase-damage models offer the ability to capture crack nucleation as well as crack propagation. Crack branching and coalescence can ... [more ▼] By regularizing sharp cracks within a pure continuum setting, phase-damage models offer the ability to capture crack nucleation as well as crack propagation. Crack branching and coalescence can furthermore be described without any additional efforts, as geometrical descriptions of the cracks are not required. In this contribution, we extend our previous phase-field model for rate-dependent fracture of rubbers in a finite strain setting (Loew et al., 2019) to describe damage under cyclic loading. The model is derived from the balance of mechanical energy and introduces a fatigue damage source as a function of the accumulated viscous dissipation under cyclic loading. We use uniaxial cyclic tension to present the influence of the fatigue material parameters and to confirm the model’s energy balance. The parameters are subsequently identified using monotonic and cyclic experiments of a plane stress nature. Finally, the model is validated by separate experiments, which demonstrate that the model accurately predicts (fatigue) crack nucleation as well as propagation. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 152 (7 UL)Data Centric Engineering and Data-Driven Modelling - Computational Engineering Lab Report 2019 Bordas, Stéphane ; Peters, Bernhard ; Viti, Francesco et al Report (2019) https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/data-centric-engineering Detailed reference viewed: 77 (6 UL)A Forcing Fictitious Domain Method to Simulate Fluid-particle Interaction of Particles with Super-quadric Shape Wu, Mingqiu ; Peters, Bernhard ; et al in Powder Technology (2019), 360(15/January 2020), 264-277 In this work, we develop a new framework to directly simulate super-quadric (SQ) particles in fluid flows based on a forcing fictitious domain method. Specifically, a super-quadric particle function is ... [more ▼] In this work, we develop a new framework to directly simulate super-quadric (SQ) particles in fluid flows based on a forcing fictitious domain method. Specifically, a super-quadric particle function is used to represent the particle shape of different types in a flexible manner. The immersion of particles in the fluid is handled by imposing rigid solid body motion in the particle domain, as well as adding a local forcing term to the Navier-Stokes equations by calculating the integral of both the pressure gradient and the particle velocity over the whole particle domain. Particle shapes are varied by changing the five super-quadric parameters of the SQ equation. We validate our approach by performing simulations of flow around a fixed particle and sedimentation of a particle in a channel in 2D and 3D. The validation results indicate that the current simulation results show a good agreement with experimental data. Moreover, our method is used to study the flow around fixed non-spherical particles with different orientations and particle Reynolds numbers. The particle Reynolds numbers vary from 0.1 to 3000. The super-quadric particles exemplarily considered in the current study are an ellipsoidal particle and fibre-like particles. We present the results for drag and lift coefficients at different particle orientations and different particle Reynolds numbers. The obtained results lay the foundation to apply the framework to flown through multi-particle systems in the near future. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 230 (61 UL)Micromechanical model for sintering and damage in viscoelastic porous ice and snow. Part I: Model and calibration Kabore, Brice Wendlassida ; Peters, Bernhard in International Journal of Solids and Structures (2019) Ice and snow are usually classified as a viscoelastic or viscoplastic materials according to temperature, strain rate, pressure and time scale. Throughout experimental studies presented in the literature ... [more ▼] Ice and snow are usually classified as a viscoelastic or viscoplastic materials according to temperature, strain rate, pressure and time scale. Throughout experimental studies presented in the literature, it has been observed that at very low temperatures or high strain rates, porous ice and snow exhibit brittle behavior, but experience high viscous and plastic flow at temperatures close to the melting point and low rates. At the macroscopic level, nonlinearity is not necessarily attributed to permanent changes in the material or yielding but mainly to micro cracks, intergranular sliding, porosity collapse and crack propagation. In this paper, this complex behavior is described with a full microstructure-based model. Classical rheological models and beam theory are used to describe aspects of creep and fracture of granular ice and snow. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 121 (11 UL) |
||